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Nuclear science offers proven techniques that can and are being used to improve productivity while conserving valuable resources needed for today and for the future. Table 3 compares the productivity of some crops in India with their productivity … Transport Facilities: To facilitate the farmers to produce new farm inputs and enable them to sell … Poverty has mixed impacts on agricultural production, depending on the nature of poverty: smaller farms obtain higher crop production per hectare, while households with fewer livestock have lower crop production. Rural areas are home to 75 percent of Africa’s population, most of whom count agriculture as their major source of income. employment, and increased investments in agricultural research: Improve the productivity of smallholders, paying particular attention to rural women and young people. These benefits together add up to Rs15,000 per hectare per year, and the total annual benefits would be Rs159.2 crore. In addition, a nationally debated and accepted strategy for irrigating 10 million hectares of new area under Bharat Nirman Programme should be developed. Although many improved varieties of seeds have been released for cultivation, their full impact has not been realized owing to poor adoption rates as well as poor seed replacement rates. Govt to increase agricultural productivity by using Chinese model: PM Khan The premier regretted that no government had tried to boost exports in the past 50 years. When cover crops are converted to surface mulches, or when crop residues are maintained on the soil, they may serve to reduce soil water evaporation and thereby conserve water for cro p transpiration. Agriculture sector needs improvement as it is a main occupation and very important pillar of Indian economy. One of these aims to help solve the problem of the high cost and unavailability of labour through an increase in the level of mechanization by using custom hiring centres, using public-private partnerships. Looks like you have exceeded the limit to bookmark the image. Measures to Increase Agriculture Productivity . Considering this importance attached to farming, a lot of research has been going in the field of agriculture. Copyright 10. The need is to improve efficiency in the financial delivery system by controlling both transactions and risk costs. Agricultural productivity is measured as the ratio of agricultural outputs to agricultural inputs. In order to feed the world’s growing population, agricultural productivity will need to improve. Introduction. According to one estimate, the additional storage space available during a drought year is about 1,700 million cubic metres. To increase productivity and make the agricultural system progressive, cooperative farming should be rapidly expanded. This report contains the main findings and policy lessons gained from a series of wide-ranging country reviews on how government policies can improve sectoral productivity and sustainability through their impact on innovation, structural change, natural resource use, and climate change. It will require time, patience, persistence, and the implementation of multiple strategies. Productivity levels in Indian agriculture in very low as compared to the productivity levels of other countries, in terms of global rank, the productivity levels of India in major agricultural crops is very disappointing. Govt to increase agricultural productivity by using Chinese model: PM Khan The premier regretted that no government had tried to boost exports in the past 50 years. Innovation, Productivity and Sustainability in Food and Agriculture. How to Increase Agricultural Productivity. Agri-business and agri-processing should be the main drivers of this revolution with crop diversification as one of the main strategies. Only about one-third of the crops are irrigated, and the rest are dependent on rain-fed cultivation, which is susceptible to the vagaries of the weather. Assuming that the additional water will be used to irrigate around 65,000 hectares of paddy cultivated during winter, the overall annualized cost would be Rs43.2 crore. This means that every rupee spent on the policy in Andhra Pradesh would generate benefits worth nearly four rupees. The Comprehensive African Agricultural Development Program (CAADP) and its accompanying Framework for African Agricultural Productivity (FAAP) provide a vision for improving agricultural productivity through enabling and accelerating innovation. Content Guidelines 2. Statistician assesses agricultural data to increase productivity. Your friend's email. Agricultural output must increase by as much as 70 percent if we are to continue to feed our growing population, according to the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization. The biggest victims are poor, small, marginal farmers, who depend on tanks for supplementary irrigation for their kharif crop. Plant Early, Plant Effectively. Content Filtrations 6. Ecologically Fragile Regions Including Himalaya and Desert Areas: The trust should be on the development of agricultural system, which does not damage the fragile ecological balance in the region, but help in conserving and strengthening the sustainability of natural resources. Increasing productivity is a tricky job. All existing wells and ponds should be renovated. Market reform should begin with production planning, so that every link in the cultivation- consumption- commerce chain receives adequate and timely attention. Report a Violation, Measures to Raise Agricultural Productivity in India, Measuring Agricultural Productivity in India, Theoretical Background and Evolution of the New Agricultural Strategy in India. Education increases household incomes, but also reduces crop production in the lowlands. Fortunately, Africa has experienced continuous agricultural growth during the … On the part of the government, crop insurance as well as the speed and manner in which the debt recovery and settlement process operates would need to be considerably improved. The rise in agricultural productivity has long been chronicled as the single most important source of economic growth in the U.S. farm sector. 2020), we analyse whether access to information can increase adoption of such technologies among farmers in India and increase agricultural productivity.We leverage two programmes launched by the Government of India in the mid-2000s. Rwanda Development Boar (RDB) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) have entered into a partnership aimed at building capacities and digitizing agricultural value chains. Cooperative farming would help the farmer correct the present uneconomical methods of farming. First, the Shared Mobile Infrastructure Programme (SMIP), which financed the construction of about 7,000 … Even with this highly conservative assumption, the investment has huge pay-offs: Every rupee spent will have benefits to Andhra Pradesh worth around 15 times the costs, and 20 times in Rajasthan. A water literacy movement should be launched and regulations should be developed for sustainable use of ground water as well as for preventing pollution. The study. Six Main Strategies to Improve the Agriculture Productivity in India 1. I do this a lot when I try to brainstom new ideas and have found it to be very beneficial to simply unplug. Another approach focuses on relying on information and communication technology (ICT) enabled extension services, which play a crucial role in supporting agricultural activities by taking research, technology and know-how to farmers to improve adoption. 3 farm lessons India can learn from China, Increasing agriculture productivity & farmers' income - Duration: 19:33. Click here to read the Mint ePaperMint is now on Telegram. Raising agricultural productivity in sub-Saharan Africa 4 Introduction SETTING THE SCENE Productivity in farming in much of Africa has long been a concern, both on account of the (very) low levels of land and labour productivity across much of the continent, and because increases in productivity have been slow. Your name. The new research focuses on establishing how much different policies would cost, and what they would achieve overall in economic, environmental and societal benefits. Copyright © HT Digital Streams Limited All rights reserved. Table 3.1 shows the trend in agricultural productivity in India, i.e., the average yield per hectare. In case you can’t find any email from our side, please check the spam folder. Farmers can consult with extension agents directly about specific production problems, or tur… This approach—moving surplus water into the tanks, so that they are full—ensures farmers can continue crop production when the tanks do not receive inflows. Sub-Saharan Africa (hereafter referred to as Africa) is, however, the only region in the world where per capita agricultural productivity has remained stagnant over the past 40 years. Many of them should be organised in dry farming areas where millets, pulses, oilseeds and cotton are grown. The cost over five years adds up to around Rs400 crore in Andhra Pradesh and Rs584 crore in Rajasthan. This would help to raise their income & further increased productivity. Remove some to bookmark this image. GHI’s annual assessment of global productivity growth – the GAP Index – shows the current rate of growth is only 1.66%. Credit Facilities: Farmers should be advanced loans at reasonable rates of interest. Dry farming areas need particular attention. Agricultural universities, research institutions, krishi vigyan kendras, fertiliser companies, state departments of agriculture and farmers’ associations should aim to increase the productive potential of soil through concurrent attention to their physics, chemistry (macro and micro- nutrients) and micro-biology. Comments are welcome at theirview@livemint.com. Long term productivity growth reflects improvements in farmers’ production efficiency and technological progress. A post-harvest technology wing should be added to every krishi vigyan Kendra. 10. Thus, increasing agricultural productivity is a 360 degrees concept. Learn more. According to the GAP Report, global agricultural productivity must increase by 1.75% annually to meet the demands of nearly 10 billion people in 2050. These are all respectable returns. Innovations in animal and crop genetics, chemicals, equipment, and farm organization have enabled continuing output growth while using much less labor and farmland. TOS 7. "Remote and onsite sensing technologies, such as … The conjunctive use of rain, river, ground, sea and treated sewage water should become the norm. This paper is part of a series of recent research commissioned for the African Human Development Report. from boundaries of field, water resources, livestock, machinaries everything must be keep in managed way. This project will support smallholder farmers living in climate “hotspot” areas to increase their access to irrigation and management of water resources, in conjunction with support to enable farmers to adopt climate smart technologies, resulting in increased agricultural productivity and improved access to markets. There are major water transfer projects being implemented in Andhra Pradesh. Raising agricultural productivity in sub-Saharan Africa 4 Introduction SETTING THE SCENE Productivity in farming in much of Africa has long been a concern, both on account of the (very) low levels of land and labour productivity across much of the continent, and because increases in productivity have been slow. However, new analysis from Indian researchers suggests that far more good could come if irrigation were combined with seed improvement. I would like to subscribe to Science X Newsletter. For optimum productivity, focus on one thing at a time. iv. Step Away from the Computer. Improving productivity in agriculture in a sustainable manner is today a realistic target. and agricultural review: Innovation, agricultural productivity and sustainability. According to the report's Global Agricultural Productivity Index, global agricultural productivity needs to increase at an average annual rate of … The need for the government and its partners to stimulate improved agricultural productivity through increased access to productivity-enhancing inputs (e.g., credit, fertilizers, improved seeds). With wide variations in agro-climatic and economic conditions across the country, there cannot be a single strategy of agricultural growth to be followed everywhere. Therefore, output is usually measured as the market value of final output, which excludes intermediate products such as corn feed used in the meat industry. Reduce the effects of water scarcity in Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh at various methods of farming in dry farming where. 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